Think! Evidence

Critical Thinking: Plugging (or Moving) a Hole in Our Swiss Cheese

Show simple item record 2015-07-22T08:29:22Z 2015-07-22T08:29:22Z
dc.description.abstract Relying largely on the military's design, testing and implementation, this paper proposes Critical Thinking (CT) training to augment current Recognition Primed Decisionmaking training (RPD). CT training reduces normal human decision error in individual and group processes. Individual CT can reduce or, in a specific case, close a hole in the Swiss Cheese model. In a group, CT can also move the hole out of alignment. Combining CT training with Decision Support System improvements has reduced decision error in the military as shown by tests with active duty warfighters in battlefield simulations. Wildland fire decision support systems need a critical look to make them cognitively friendly and supportive of CT. Human factors analysis should move forward from the current 'reporting' phase which provides explanation, to pre-accident decision training in CT skills. 'CT as Dialogue' can help implement fire Doctrine, including Leader's Intent, and improve Incident Command organizations as communicating entities. Situation awareness needs to include understanding the cognitive situation inside our heads as well as the exterior situation of the environment and of the people around us. Practicing CT as Dialogue will improve the fire organization's position as a 'High Reliability Organization (HRO)'. The Army's current internet based CT training program is appropriate for wildland firefighters from squad bosses to incident commanders, and appears to be easily adaptable to wildland firefighting.
dc.subject Critical Thinking
dc.subject Decision making
dc.subject Cognitive Awareness
dc.title Critical Thinking: Plugging (or Moving) a Hole in Our Swiss Cheese

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